The Central Bank Governor, Dr John Mangudya, issued the 2021 Monetary Policy Statement (MPS) on 18 February 2021, which provides an evaluation of progress in implementation of monetary policies enunciated in the August 2020 MPS and outlines the monetary policy measures to be pursued by the bank in the next six months to buttress and sustain the obtaining price and exchange rate stability since the introduction of a monetary targeting framework and a functioning foreign exchange auction system.
The Chamber acknowledges efforts by RBZ in resuscitating the economy and improvements in market updates which are important in allowing economic agents to monitor progress and assess whether there is coherence between the Fiscal and Monetary Policy measures. It is also commendable that the central banks continues in attempting to attain a degree of professional independence after the dissolving of its Monetary Policy Committee and appointing a new one. We also commend effort by the central bank to raise retention ratios, though more still needs to be done, including the recent move to allow for 60% of forex retention by tobacco farmers.
The year 2020 was characterised by the COVID-19 pandemic that hit not only Zimbabwe but the rest of the World. The pandemic continues to weigh on business, and resulted in the disruption of global supply chains for both raw materials and final products and services and a slowdown of global financial flows. Dr Tinashe Manzungu The Zimbabwe National Chamber of Commerce recognises the role that business plays to achieve our shared goal during this crisis, to maintain jobs and business continuity; to support health, stability and social well-being of the Zimbabwe populace. Despite the effects of the pandemic the Chamber continued and continues to make strides in servicing its members given that business is the antidote for an economic recovery, hence this report outlines achievements by the Chamber during the year 2020. Over the year, the Chamber continued to engage with policy makers and engagements continued to provide a harmonious and productive working relationship between Government and the Private Sector. While the year has been characterised by the effects of the covid-19 pandemic, the Chamber acknowledges efforts by the Government in addressing constraints on the economic front. These include;
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Mandatory employee testing for Covid 19 before reopening of businesses
After the extension of the National Lockdown by Government by a further two weeks, the Chamber recognises the importance testing in order to contain the spreading of the Covid-19 pandemic. Meanwhile, following the announcement of a Plan to Operationalize the Policy on a Mandatory Employee Testing for Covid19 before reopening of businesses which stated the Testing logistics where companies are set to procure approved Covid-19 rapid test kits for themselves, in line with specifications provided by the Ministry of Health and Child Care; the Chamber would like to make the following submissions;
i. While it is important to conduct the testing and prevent the spread of the Covid-19 pandemic, compulsory testing before going to work is an expense to Businesses given that the pandemic has already weighed on business operations and most businesses had not been operating over the past 35 days.
From the ZNCC Survey, which was conducted over the first 21 days national lockdown, to capture the impact of the pandemic from various private sector players - businesses indicated that they have lost a lot of revenue with the pandemic having had some negative impacts on most sectors of the economy. Of the 210 survey respondents; businesses indicated that they have lost a lot of revenue due to the pandemic 27% of the respondents have lost revenue above $5m, 8% lost revenue of between $3m-$5m 17% lost revenue of between $1m-$3m, 48% lost revenue of below $1m Given the loss in monetary terms above, most businesses are not in a position to carry the costs for the testing of employees
ii. Cost of reopening Businesses – around US$50 million will be required to re-open businesses in level 2 lockdown
iii. SI99 of 2020 does not stipulate that businesses should carry the cost of covid-19 testing, hence according to law there is no mandate for businesses to carry the costs
iv. The designated testing laboratories have no capacity to test all the companies within a week, hence the two week period in which the country should be on level 2 will be unproductive
v. Businesses will not be able to resume operations anytime soon given the confusion emanating from the unexpected unilateral decision on testing
vi. The Chamber recommends that;
There is need for temperature checking on employees by businesses which is more economical than covid-19 compulsory testing. Upon detecting high temperatures, businesses would then contact the Ministry of Health and Child Care for further diagnosis. Compulsory testing is a huge cost to businesses which are trying to recover from the impact of the pandemic
There is need to put more emphasis on the need for businesses to disinfect work environments ahead of testing. It is not economic to spend resources on testing when the environment is affected
Part of the $18 billion Covid-19 Economic recovery and Stimulus Package should be channelled towards acquisition of the test kits. The cost of test kits should be pegged in local currency given that test kits are costing as much as US$25 which is very high in an environment where business operations are constrained by the impact of covid-19
National Social Security Authority (NSSA) should contribute funding towards the testing of employees given that workers that have been allowed to go back to work, on level-2 lockdown, are formal sector employees who are contributors to NSSA
The COVID-19 pandemic has hit not only Zimbabwe but the rest of the World. The Zimbabwe National Chamber of Commerce recognises the role that business plays to achieve our shared goal during this crisis, to maintain jobs and business continuity; to support health, social well-being and to ensure stability of the Zimbabwe populace. As a result, the Chamber has been engaging membership and stakeholders in tracking and assessing the impact of Covid-19 on Business over a three weeks period.
Every year government call upon ZNCC and other Business Member Organisations (BMOs) to make submissions on issues affecting the business operating environment. The Parliament Portfolio Committee on Budget, Finance & Economic Development is chaired by Honourable Felix Mhona who is the Member of Parliament for Chikomba Central constituency. The committee is made up of members of parliament from both the ruling and opposition party.